Alternatives To Pesticides
If people practice the proper production methods as well as pest control practices, the loss that pests cause each year can be drastically reduced. Healthy plants that have been watered, fertilized, and cared for properly are less prone to attacks by pests than plants that have been neglected. Horticulturists agree that you should start out by finding types of plants which have a high resistance to a wide variety of pests.
There are varieties available that are resistant to some common types of plant diseases, although they are not usually resistant to insects. If you are growing from seed, do not hold onto the leftovers for use in the next year. A lot of the different plant diseases that you will find are borne within the seeds. Alternately, you should generally purchase a new stock of seeds each year, using only sellers who carry a good reputation. Another thing to avoid is transplanting seedlings that are unhealthy or weak – only choose strong, healthy seedlings to place in your garden. If your plant appears to be young or old, or spindly and weak, then you may not want to try and transplant these plants as they may not survive through the transplant shock and can be more susceptible to certain pests. As a person looking for pest control you should visit that site.
In order to manage diseases which are carried in the soil, it’s wise to, rotate the vegetables which you grow in your garden yearly. Switching out corn with various other crop choices is a good practice to follow. There is usually a pattern that you follow with crop rotation which goes in four year cycles, starting with corn and then following this with cole crops such as greens and cabbage, next you plant solanaceous plants like tomatoes and peppers, and then lastly you plant legumes like peas, then start again with corn.
Samples of smart sanitation to be utilized for good pest control include making sure that the garden is free of infested crop debris, cull piles, and volunteer plants. Many pests thrive and survive in the plant residues from vegetables, so it is never a good idea to use these as mulch. If you are going to mulch, use leaves or straw. Although much has many desirable qualities, it does have one serious drawback that you need to be aware of. Mulch is a real harbinger of insects as it allows them to stealthily reach your plants. As a person looking for organic pest control services you should visit that site.
Aside from keeping pests at bay, keeping your garden clean will help to reduce the chance for plant viruses to spread. Soap and water should be used to wash any hand tools before transplanting or pruning is done. Tobacco is notorious for housing plant viruses, including the tobacco mosaic. If you are harvesting tobacco, extra care should be taken to avoid this.
Weeds are another hiding place for many unwanted pests. Weeds attract certain pests and insects, so make sure that you weed your vegetable garden regularly to avoid this. Plant diseases can be transmitted by aphids, leafhoppers, beetles, mites, nematodes and other insects. These pests are all capable of causing damage to your garden. Make especially certain that Johnson grass, which is a perennial weed that usually hides insects, is eliminated; you must endeavor to maintain a weed free area all around your garden.
You’ll also want to control the levels of moisture in your garden in order to avoid harmful pests. The best disease control strategy is to water only early in the day. You may not even need to use a fungicide if you take to watering your plants first thing in the morning. Fungus thrives in warm and wet environments, so if you water your plant at night time it will remain wet for longer and be at a higher risk for contamination.
Adding a shield or some type of pest-proof barrier around your transplants can help keep them safe from some insects. Cardboard, singles, or plastic from a milk jug are all great materials that you can utilize to make a shield around your plant, just push it a few inches in the earth around the plant. There are many unwanted pests that you can keep away with this strategy and it is particularly useful for keeping tomatoes and peppers free from grubs and wire worms that come from below. There are biological means for keeping insects away from the garden like having their natural predators, but there are ethical concerns about doing this artificially. However, there are helpful predators that you should learn to recognize. This will allow you to leave them alone if you see some in your garden. These include the praying mantis, ladybugs, lacewings, ground beetles, spiders and syrphid flies.
Pesticides can be used, but only as a last resort. Non-chemical methods should be attempted first when trying to keep the pest population under control. Be sure to use any chemicals according to the directions on the label. For example, if the directions say you need to wait a specific time period after spraying before you harvest your vegetables, be sure to wait out that period to ensure a healthy harvest.
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